The "" magazine and Shanghai newspapers had reports on this incident. Mao Tse-tung returned to his home-village, Shaoshan in Feb 1925, established a night school for peasants, organized peasant association, and set up the CCP Shaoshan Branch.Chen Yuansen stated that Mao Tse-tung, often depicted with an traditional Chinese oil-paper umbrella in the early portraits, might have used the umbrella as a secret society signal in his tour of the countryside where he organized peasants into over twenty so-called 'peasant associations', a form of organization that was built upon the experiences of secret societies.The modern Chinese peasant movement was cradled in Haifeng, in the East River districts of Kwangtung, by Peng Pai, one of the most appealing figures of the Chinese revolution." Peng Pai, similar to Mao, was born in a landlord's family.Peng Pai, originally a school teacher who lost his job due to leading his students on the May Day demonstration in 1921, joined the CCP and went back to the countryside where he organized the Haifeng Peasant Association." Per anthology "" (Chinese Periodical Publication Inc, San Gabriel, Calif, 1992 edition), the first peasant movement leader should be ascribed to Shen Dingyi, a Shanghai CCP founder, who donated his family fortune to the revolution and later returned to his native town of the Yaqian-zhen Town, Xiaoshan-xian County, Zhejiang Province where he set up an elementary school and recruited a 68-year-old peasant called Li Chenghu for establishing a peasant association on Sept 27th of 1921. Expelled from the CCP as well as disliked by Chiang Kai-shek, Shen Dingyi was assassinated in Aug 1928 under some mysterious circumstances.
Per Harold Isaacs, "the peasants had also begun to stir and group themselves into organizations before the revived Kuomintang made its appearance in 1924.The government cracked down on the peasants' movement for its demands like the "reduction in land rents". This caste society was covered in another section of this website, where this webmaster discussed the deprivation of land with the formation of 'agricultural cooperatives' three years after the victory of the communist revolution.Li Chenghu was arrested and tortured to death in prison on Jan 24th of 1922. Beginning from late 1924, Mao Tse-tung purported delved himself into the peasants movement.Peasant struggles against the landlords, against the magistrates, police, and soldiery, multiplied throughout the East River districts and ignited similar conflicts in the west and north of the province...Demands (for) reduction of land rent passed over almost immediately to demand for its total abolition. After communist leader Qu Qiubai seduced his daughter-in-law in 1924, Shen took another turn by joining the West Hill faction and attended the senior KMT leaders for a meeting in front of Sun Yat-sen's altar in Peking.This will result in Nitrogen Oxide emissions above the prescribed standards.